The International Baccalaureate

The International Baccalaureate Diploma Program is a rigorous pre-university program for highly motivated students in grades 11-12. Created in 1968, the rationale for such a sweeping and comprehensive program was twofold: first, to provide a common curriculum and university entry credential for students who often moved from country to country, and secondly, and perhaps more importantly, was the more idealistic motive that prevailed -- one that insisted students could share an academic experience that emphasizes critical thinking, intercultural understanding, and exposure to a variety of viewpoints.

IB courses were introduced in 1985. Graded’s first IB diploma was earned in 1988. 

The Diploma Program
The IB Diploma Program is a comprehensive two-year course of study with the strengths of a liberal arts program, but with requirements that set the IB apart from other advanced placement programs: Theory of Knowledge(ToK) is an interdisciplinary course intended to stimulate critical reflection and analysis, and to encourage appreciation of other cultural perspectives. Creativity, Action, and Service (CAS) requires students to share their talents and energy with others, especially in community service. The Extended Essay (EE) is a 4000-word investigative essay on a topic of special interest to the student. For the full diploma, students take 6 subjects, normally two-year courses, with 3 at Higher Level (HL) and 3 at Standard Level (SL).  

International Baccalaureate Courses at Graded

Graded offers the following IB subjects, depending on enrollment:

Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature:
Literature HL, SL (offered in English)
Language & Literature HL, SL (offered in English, Portuguese, and Spanish).

Group 2: Language Acquisition:
Language B HL, SL (offered in Portuguese, Spanish, French)
ab initio SL (offered in Spanish and French)

Group 3: Individuals and Societies:
History HL, SL
Economics HL, SL
Brazilian Social Studies SL
Psychology HL, SL
Environmental Systems and Societies, SL

Group 4: Sciences:
Biology HL, SL
Chemistry HL, SL
Physics HL, SL

Group 5: Mathematics:
Math Studies SL
Math SL
Math HL

Group 6: The Arts & Electives:
Film Studies HL
Visual Arts HL, SL
Theater HL, SL
Environmental Systems and Societies, SL

Learn more about the IB at Graded through the Course Handbook

International Baccalaureate Core

Theory of Knowledge (TOK) 

It is expected that by the end of the TOK course, students will be able to:

  • identify and analyse the various kinds of justifications used to support knowledge claims
  • formulate, evaluate and attempt to answer knowledge questions
  • examine how academic disciplines/areas of knowledge generate and shape knowledge
  • understand the roles played by ways of knowing in the construction of shared and personal knowledge
  • explore links between knowledge claims, knowledge questions, ways of knowing and areas of knowledge
  • demonstrate an awareness and understanding of different perspectives and be able to relate these to one’s own perspective
  • explore a real-life/contemporary situation from a TOK perspective in the presentation.

Creativity, Activity & Service (CAS) 
The International Baccalaureate aims to develop internationally minded people who become active, compassionate and lifelong learners who understand that other people, with their differences, can also be right.

CAS is at the heart of the diploma program. You will be involved in a range of activities beyond the academic classroom. CAS enables you to enhance your personal and interpersonal development through experimental learning. It provides a counterbalance to the academic pressures of the rest of the Diploma Program. It provides a journey of self-discovery, while being challenging and enjoyable. 

Extended Essay (EE)
The aims of the extended essay are to provide students with the opportunity to:

  • pursue independent research on a focused topic
  • develop research and communication skills
  • develop the skills of creative and critical thinking
  • engage in a systematic process of research appropriate to the subject
  • experience the excitement of intellectual discovery.


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